Download the GWSP 2022 Annual Report, here.
The Global Water Security and Sanitation Partnership (GWSP) continues to advance global knowledge and build government capacity needed to support the sustainable delivery of water services. The fiscal year from July 2021 to June 2022 (FY22) presented both unprecedented and complex challenges. The COVID-19 pandemic has moved from a crisis to a permanent development issue. Meanwhile, new challenges in the form of inflation and rising interest rates have emerged, contributing to the emergence of a debt crisis and threatening global stability, further threatened by war in Europe. . Behind these economic concerns, the impacts of climate change have continued to grow and deepen. In this context, investing in water and sanitation remains essential to eradicate poverty, address the negative impacts of climate change and build more inclusive and equitable societies.
GWSP’s focus on analytics, timely data and information, and effective capacity development is increasingly critical. GWSP continues to support analytical inputs that influence decision-making in client countries. The GWSP has now been operational for over five years, supporting client governments through the generation of innovative global knowledge and the provision of country-level support.
This year’s Annual Report outlines how GWSP’s business lines and initiatives have progressed since GWSP’s inception and outlines some of the lessons learned.
In this year’s annual report, GWSP’s results and impact are presented across its three business lines: water resources management, water in agriculture, and water supply and sanitation, highlighting the five key themes of the GWSP: inclusion, resilience, finance, institutions and sustainability. The report also provides an in-depth look at the issues that GWSP has specifically addressed. This year, the Special Focus chapter of the annual report outlines how GWSP support contributes to improving global biodiversity, climate change, water sector public expenditure reviews, inclusion and affected countries. by fragility, conflict and violence.
Fragility, conflict and violence
The work of the Water Global Practice (GP) in FCV-affected countries has grown significantly since the inception of the GWSP, and the Partnership now supports active engagement in 33 countries. For example, over the past five years, GWSP has helped transform the way the World Bank works in Somalia, building capacity and political capital. GWSP’s support for a three-step process – analysis, pilot, scale – has meant that an initial investment of $400,000 for analytical work has grown into a grant portfolio from the World Bank to the water sector totaling $130 million.
Over the past five years, climate change considerations have been mainstreamed into GWSP support, as evidenced by the growing number of projects with climate co-benefits. In FY22, GWSP continued to play an important role in supporting the integration of climate considerations into client country policies and investments, supporting the World Bank’s Climate Change Action Plan . As the role of climate in the water portfolio increases, GWSP funding has helped support climate and disaster risk screening, climate co-benefit assessments, greenhouse gas accounting analyses, (GHG), the use of shadow carbon pricing in economic analysis and the integration of climate change indicators into project results frameworks.
Public Expenditure Reviews:
Public Expenditure Reviews (PERs) assess how public funds are spent, how much they are spent, and what the funding and funding gaps are. GWSP has supported the development of a robust methodology and comprehensive approach for the implementation of PERs in the water sector, covering water supply and sanitation, irrigation and water management. water resources. The PERs on water revealed that in many developing countries, political priorities and allocations of public funds do not align. Budget execution rates in the water sector are considerably lower than in other sectors, and even when funds are properly allocated, only 72% on average is actually spent due to weak execution capacity.
Since its inception, GWSP has supported social inclusion in water, and an emerging lesson is that achieving real change is possible, but it is a slow and often non-linear, involving the hard work of changing institutions, changing social norms and identifying opportunities. better align incentives to promote inclusion. In FY22, nearly half of all countries with World Bank water operations included actions on disability.
GWSP supports opportunities to further increase the benefits derived from mainstreaming biodiversity into water sector investments. Using nature-based solutions has significant potential to increase biodiversity while building resilience, making it an effective way to achieve multiple goals. Over the past five years, GWSP has helped client countries develop the potential of “green” infrastructure and nature-based solutions, alongside traditional investments in “grey” infrastructure.
GWSP 2022 Annual Report EXECUTIVE SUMMARY, here.
LEAD ARTICLE: Global Partnership for Water Security and Sanitation: five years of promoting a waterless world for all
BLOG: Climate Adaptation in Action: The Global Partnership for Water Security and Sanitation