Adopted by the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) at its 1069th meeting considering the conclusions of the Joint Inaugural Retreat of the African Union PSC and the African Peer Review Mechanism (eThekwini Findings) – World

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The Peace and Security Council,
Recalling the decision of the Assembly [Assembly/AU/Dec.758 (XXIII)] adopted at the 33rd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Union, held on 9th and 10th February 2020, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, emphasizing Article 6(3) of the Statute of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) (2020) which provides that the APRM should contribute to early warning for conflict prevention on the continent, in harmony and synergy with the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) and the African Governance Architecture (AGA);
Recalling also the decision of the Assembly [Assembly/AU/Dec.686 (XXX)] adopted at the 30th Ordinary Session of Heads of State and Government held on 28 and 29 January 2018, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, welcoming the measures aimed at positioning the APRM as an early warning tool for the prevention of conflicts on the continent, in the context of harmony and synergy between APRM, APSA and AGA;
Further recalling its previous decisions and pronouncements on the APRM, in particular the communiqués [PSC/PR/COMM.(CMLXII)] adopted at its 962nd meeting held on 5 November 2020, and [(PSC/PR/COMM.(CMXIV)] adopted at its 914th meeting held on March 5, 2020;
True to the relevant provisions of the AU Constitutive Act, the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union, in particular Article 13 on the Continental Early Warning System;
Taking note of the opening speech of HE Ambassador Prof. Mafa Sejanamane, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Lesotho and Chairperson of the PSC for March 2022, and the statement by HE Ambassador Bankole Adeoye, AU Commissioner for Political Affairs,
peace and security; also noting the presentations of HE Ambassador Tesfaye Yilma Sabo,
Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Co-Chair of the Joint Inaugural Retreat and Chair of the PSC for December 2021, and the APRM Representative delegated by HE Prof. Eddy Maloka, Director General of MAEP;
Acting under Article 7 of its Protocol, the Peace and Security Council:

  1. Commends the Government of the Republic of South Africa, in its capacity as Chair of the APRM Focal Points, for the successful organization of the Joint Inaugural PSC and APRM Retreat, 19-21 December 2021, in Durban, KwaZulu Natal Province;

  2. Expresses deep gratitude to HE Ambassador Tesfaye Yilma Sabo, Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Co-Chair of the Inaugural Joint Retreat and Chair of the PSC for December 2021, and HE Ambassador Ombeni Yohana Sefue, Co-Chair of the Inaugural Retreat African Peer Review (APR) Retreat and Chair
    Group of eminent personalities, for the smooth running of the joint retreat;

  3. Adopts the conclusions of the inaugural joint retreat of the African Union Peace and Security Council and the African Peer Review Mechanism and endorses the agreement to refer to the conclusions as eThekwini conclusions;

  4. Decides to institutionalize the holding of the annual joint retreat between the PSC and the APRM and, in this regard, looks forward to the second joint retreat to be held in Durban, at a date to be jointly agreed upon in due course;

  5. Emphasizes the importance of inviting other relevant stakeholders to the second joint retreat, such as the Panel of the Wise, the Pan-African Network of the Wise and FemWise, to share their experiences with the Panel of Eminent Persons of the APRM and identify areas where they can collaborate in conflict prevention;

  6. Encourages Member States that have not yet acceded to the APRM to do so to achieve the targeted universal ascension by 2023 in line with the 10-year implementation plan of Agenda 2063, and to ensure that good governance be strengthened, as provided for in the African Union Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic Governance and Cooperation adopted at the 6th Summit of the NEPAD Heads of State and Government Implementation Committee, held on 9 March 2003 in Abuja, Nigeria;

  7. Calls on the APRM to strengthen its preventive mechanisms and to increase awareness-raising actions with Member States of the African Union in order to fully play its role in anticipating crises and conflicts, in particular the prevention of unconstitutional changes and the strengthening institutional capacities with a view to promoting the rule of law, democracy and good governance, in accordance with the relevant instruments of the African Union, in particular the decision of the Algiers summit in July 1999 on unconstitutional changes of government and African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Good Governance in 2007;

  8. Commends the APRM and PSC Secretariats for organizing the inaugural joint retreat; and expresses its gratitude to the partners, the African Center for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), for their support in the organization and successful holding of the Joint Inaugural Retreat;

  9. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

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