Adopted by the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) at its 1034th meeting held on September 23, 2021, to consider the report of the Chairperson of the AU Commission on elections in Africa held during the period January to June 2021.
The Peace and Security Council,
Recalling all its previous decisions on elections in Africa, including CommuniquÃ©s [PSC/PR/COMM.(CMLXXXII)] adopted at its 982nd meeting held on February 25, 2021, [PSC/PR/COMM. (CMLXXVI)] adopted at its 976th meeting held on January 29, 2021 and [PSC/PR/COMM. (CMXXXV)] adopted at its 935th meeting held on July 9, 2020;
Recognizing the significant contribution of credible elections to the prevention of conflicts, to the consolidation of peace, as well as to the promotion, deepening and consolidation of democracy in Africa, in the general context of the realization of the aspirations of Agenda 2063 and the AU’s main roadmap on practical steps to silence the guns in Africa by 2030, as well as the AU theme for the year 2021 âArts, culture and heritage: the levers to build the Africa we want â;
Also recognizing the efforts and commitments of Member States to continue to hold elections despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic;
Aware of the AU’s determination to promote and protect human and peoples’ rights, consolidate democratic institutions and culture, and ensure good governance and the rule of law, as underlined in the preamble of the Constitutive Act of the AU, as well as in Articles 3 and 4 of the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance;
Noting the opening remarks made by HE Ambassador Mahamat Ali Hassan, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Chad to the AU and President of the PSC for September 2021, and the presentation by HE Ambassador Bankole Adeoye, Commissioner of the AU in political affairs, peace and security; as well as the remarks of the Member States which organized elections from January to June 2021.
Acting under Article 7 of its Protocol, the Peace and Security Council:
1. Congratulates the eleven (11) Member States which successfully conducted peaceful presidential, general and legislative elections from January to June 2021, namely Algeria, Benin, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, CÃ´te d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Niger and Uganda, and their commitment to strengthening democratic culture; and commends the AU Commission for consistently providing technical support to the national election management bodies of Member States for the successful organization of democratic elections across Africa;
2. Also commends the Member States who have peacefully transferred power to the newly elected presidents, which testifies to the growing maturity of democracy, thus contributing to the political deepening and strengthening of democratic culture and political governance. on the continent ;
3. Further commends all Member States, which have fully funded their elections and encourages others to emulate this good example with a view to preventing external interference in the elections and promoting African solutions to African problems;
4. While welcoming the progress and successes recorded in the elections during the period under review, notes with deep concern the upsurge in unconstitutional changes of government on the continent through military takeovers, which destabilize states. affected limbs and regions;
5. To this end, reiterates the urgent need for Member States to continue to build capacities and strengthen national institutions, with a view to adopting viable early warning and rapid response mechanisms that will support the promotion of strict respect for the principles of constitutionalism and thus prevent election-related violence, manipulation of electoral processes and national constitutions and unconstitutional change of government;
6. Accordingly, requests the AU Commission to strengthen its early warning mechanisms, especially with regard to Member States holding elections and in political transition, while urging the rapid deployment of the Panel of the Wise. UA, PanWise and FemWise, to conduct preventive diplomacy and mediation of election disputes and prevention of associated political violence;
7. Emphasizes that the elections remain fundamental for the prevention of conflicts, the consolidation of peace and political stability, as well as for the promotion and deepening of democracy in Africa and, therefore, calls on the AU Commission to devote greater attention to creating synergies in the implementation of the African Governance Architecture (AGA) and African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), in collaboration with the relevant organs of the AU, the APRM and RECs / RMs, as well as stakeholders and development partners;
8. In this regard, encourages all Member States to continue to create an environment conducive to free, fair, credible and transparent elections and to respect their national electoral calendars, with a view to building trust among citizens, while reaffirming the call for the conscious promotion of the inclusion and full participation of women, youth and persons with disabilities in national political governance and democratic processes, including through the implementation of legally prescribed national quotas, when exist;
9. Reaffirms the call to Member States to explore concerted efforts to promote inclusive candidate nomination processes, build voter confidence and strengthen state institutions, to ensure that citizens fully participate in and accept electoral processes. the results of the elections, including the findings of national judicial bodies. systems;
10. Welcomes the efforts of the AU Commission to improve the election observation methodology to make it more responsive to the needs of Member States and the continued efforts to deploy election observers and technical assistance despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic;
11. Stresses the importance for Member States to favorably consider adequate funding for the AU Commission to enable it to effectively fulfill its mandate of promoting transparent and peaceful elections, as well as consolidating the democracy and good governance enshrined in the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance;
12. Mandates the AU Commission, in close coordination with Member States, to convene an assessment symposium to consider appropriate actions to address the political conditions that lead to unconstitutional changes of government on the continent, including the viability of creating a platform for Member States to regularly share experiences, lessons and good practices in the field of elections, democracy and good governance;
13. Requests the AU Commission to continue to observe and monitor the elections in Africa, in collaboration with the concerned Member States, and to provide regular information to the Council, and to expedite the development of guidelines for the elections. during COVID-19 and other health emergencies and humanitarian disasters;
14. Congratulates, once again, those Member States which have already signed, ratified and domesticated the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance, and encourages all Member States which have not yet done so, to consider to do ;
15. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.