Crop Prospects and Food Situation Global Quarterly Report No. 3, September 2022 – World

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COUNTRIES IN NEED OF EXTERNAL FOOD AID

The FAO estimates that globally 45 countries, including 33 in Africa, nine in Asia, two in Latin America and the Caribbean and one in Europe, need external food aid. In East Africa, driven by multi-seasonal droughts, the food insecurity situation is severe and unless humanitarian assistance is stepped up, famine is expected in parts of Somalia. Globally, multi-year high rates of inflation in difficult macroeconomic environments are worsening food insecure conditions, especially in low-income, food-deficit countries.

REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

AFRICA

Widespread and substantial rainfall deficits are expected to lead to reduced harvests in East Africa, notably in Somalia and parts of Ethiopia and Kenya, while insufficient water and rangeland resources have caused many livestock deaths.

Although flooding in West Africa has caused localized crop damage, overall abundant rains are expected to support an increase in production in 2022. Drought and extreme weather events in parts of South Africa North and Southern Africa have resulted in lower 2022 cereal production in most countries.

ASIA

Cereal production in the Far East is forecast at a high level in 2022, supported by above-average prospects in the main producing countries, China (Mainland) and India. However, a macroeconomic crisis in Sri Lanka contributed to a well below average harvest, while severe flooding hampered production in Pakistan. In the Near East, cereal harvests in the majority of countries are estimated at below-average levels due to dry weather, while near-average output is expected in CIS Asian countries due to generally favorable rainfall.

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

In South America, unfavorable rains have clouded wheat yield prospects in Argentina, the largest producer, but overall cereal production in the subregion is expected to reach a record level, supported by large maize plantings. In Central America and the Caribbean, cereal production in 2022 is expected to fall below average, while the hurricane season is still active, increasing negative risks for crops and food security.

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