Armed clashes across Myanmar continued to cause displacement and affect civilians. As of August 1, there were approximately 1,244,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) across Myanmar, including some 897,000 internally displaced persons since February 1, 2021.
In the southeast, small-scale returns of displaced people to their places of origin have been reported in areas where fewer clashes have taken place in recent weeks in Kayin State. Overall, the security situation remained dynamic, with armed clashes continuing to cause new displacements, mainly in Bago region (East) and Kayin State. Local partners continue to face security risks and access difficulties in areas of active conflict. UNHCR is monitoring the situation in these places despite the challenges this unpredictable context poses for collecting displacement data and verifying information and delivering life-saving humanitarian assistance.
In the North-West, the situation remained increasingly unstable following an intensification of armed clashes. Artillery fire, aerial attacks and airstrikes, security operations, destruction of homes and properties, and the use of landmines continued to pose significant risks to human safety.
In Kachin and Shan (north), armed clashes and airstrikes are likely to further aggravate an already fragile humanitarian situation, with displaced families finding refuge in churches and monasteries in nearby villages. The situation has been aggravated by heavy seasonal rains and flooding in Kachin State, where affected civilians are now being accommodated in collective centres. Robberies, robberies and burglaries during the day are also reportedly on the rise in urban areas.
In Rakhine State, humanitarian activities in North Maungdaw, Rakhine State (North) have been temporarily suspended since July 18 due to clashes. In Rakhine (center), arrests of civilians (including young people), an increase in military checkpoints and closures of roads and waterways have been reported. The ability to meet basic needs has also been reduced by rising commodity and fuel prices and reduced livelihoods.