State Governments Face Obstacles on Cloud Migration, Ditching Mainframes

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Where is the state government cloud market today?

The study found that 89% of states rated hybrid cloud as their ideal cloud state. According to the report, 44% of states describe using an external cloud broker, and the services are most commonly used to manage Software as a Service and Platform as a Service cloud environments.

According to the study, 54% of state CIOs say their state budget offices prefer an OpEx (operating expense) funding model for the cloud. CapEx (Capital Expenditure Budgeting) is generally seen as a barrier to effective budgeting for cloud services.

“The budget office has yet to evolve its model and has not kept up with the changing cloud reality – the budget procedures and standards put in place to support the funding of capital expenditures are not flexible enough to support budgeting for cloud services, ”the report notes. . “The future CIO will buy more services than they will spend on capital and this should be taken into account as states expand financial governance. The financial risk of ad hoc adoption of cloud services without a plan can result in variable costs that can exceed a fixed budget.

TO EXPLORE: Follow these tips to migrate government services to the cloud.

An OpEx model offers flexibility and scalability for state agencies, but it comes with risks. “As demand for services increases and decreases (with close monitoring of this consumption against budget), a mature cloud organization will have controls that effectively match resources to that demand,” the report said. “It should come as no surprise if the forecasting models used to create budgets for cloud services are effective. Where appropriate, these forecast models should be reviewed and updated.

State CIOs also report that cybersecurity management is a major barrier to cloud adoption, which is not an unfounded concern as ad hoc use of cloud services can lead to security risks. .

According to the study, 66% say their states have a process for managing cloud-related privileged permissions, and 63% say that cloud-related connections and access activities are monitored. The report states that “cloud native cybersecurity measures can help mitigate some of the risks.”

RELATED: What are the challenges that state and local agencies face in adopting hybrid cloud?

What Can State IT Managers Do to Increase Cloud Adoption?

In a way, the report notes that states are adopting the cloud in a “deliberate and prudent fashion,” which “leads to mixed results, as the cost savings, scalability and flexibility offered by the operating model of the cloud are not fully realized, while the more deliberate and cautious approach reduces the risk.

The report advises states to conduct assessments to understand their cloud capabilities.

“Do states have the right resources in terms of people, process, technology and funding? Asks the report. “Creating a plan that assumes you do, when in fact you don’t, will only waste valuable and usually limited resources and prevent you from realizing the benefits of the cloud model. The report includes a self-assessment tool that IT managers can use to assess their level of cloud maturity.

New cloud service capabilities are proliferating, the report notes. “New cloud brokerage services exist, new cloud access service brokers abound, and new functional niche cloud providers appear regularly,” according to the report. “The growing number of services and the interdependencies among these services add to the complexity that state governments must manage through a new discipline of managing and operating an enterprise-wide cloud portfolio that can deliver government as a necessary service. “


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