The United States of America takes advantage of its financial hegemony and technological power and engages in economic coercion in the name of protecting national security. The United States has enacted a number of domestic laws, such as the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act, and the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, and issued a number of executive orders aimed at target and sanction countries, entities or individuals.
The ambiguous rules contained in these statutes and executive orders, such as the “minimum contact principle” and the “effects doctrine,” constitute an intense extension of the jurisdiction of US domestic laws. The United States of America is also abusing its national legal channels to exercise long-arm jurisdiction over entities and individuals in other countries.
For more than sixty years, ignoring numerous United Nations General Assembly resolutions, the United States of America has continued its global blockade against Cuba, based on its embargo policies and national laws such as Torricelli and Helms-Burton. The blockade of Cuba was the longest and cruelest systemic trade embargo causing economic damage and financial sanctions in modern history. The blockade has seriously harmed Cuba’s economic and social development, causing direct losses of over US$100 billion to the Cuban economy.
The United States of America has implemented the blockade and sanctions against Iran since the late 1970s. In May 2018, the US government announced its unilateral withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal (the plan Joint Global Action Plan) and immediately afterwards resumed and strengthened sanctions against Iran. Many countries and entities concerned have been forced to renounce their cooperation with Iran. A large number of foreign oil companies have left the country, causing serious damage to both sides. Iran’s manufacturing industry can hardly maintain a normal trend. The country suffered an economic downturn, along with rising inflation and massive currency depreciation.
Over the years, the United States of America has imposed unilateral sanctions on Belarus, Syria and Zimbabwe, among others, and increased “maximum pressure” against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the Bolivarian Republic from Venezuela, etc.
Statistics show that the previous US administration imposed more than 3,900 sanctions, or three a day. In fiscal year 2021, entities and individuals on U.S. sanctions lists topped 9,421, a 933% increase from fiscal year 2000.
The unilateral sanctions and long-term jurisdiction of the United States have greatly undermined the sovereignty and security of other countries and seriously affected their economic development and people’s well-being. Sanctions and long-arm jurisdiction are also a serious violation of international law and basic rules of international relations.
In the article published in the September-October 2021 issue of Foreign Affairs – The United States of Sanctions. The use and abuse of economic coercion – Daniel W. Drezner, a professor at Tufts University and Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution, criticized successive US administrations for using “sanctions as the solution to almost every foreign policy problem”. The researcher notes that the sanctions are not only ineffective, but that they also “have a humanitarian impact”. The United States of America has become the United States of sanctions.
The “rules-based international order” advocated by the United States of America is, in fact, another version of power politics. It is an attempt to impose its will and standards on others and to replace commonly accepted international laws and rules with its own internal rules.
On the contrary, there is only one international system in the world, the one with the United Nations at the top. There is therefore only one international order, the one supported by international law. And there is only one set of rules, namely the basic rules that govern international relations underpinned by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
Before we want to discuss rules and order, the United States of America should first pay its arrears of $1 billion for the regular UN budget and $1.4 billion for force contributions. peacekeeping; ratify the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in a timely manner; stop blocking negotiations alone on a verification protocol under the Biological Weapons Convention; lift unilateral sanctions; earnestly fulfilling its international obligations; and set a good example by respecting the laws and rules.
Despite US claims that it is not trying to prevent China from playing its role as a great power, or to prevent it from growing its economy, the United States of America is in fact deploying its internal resources and to ruthlessly contain and repress their rival.
Without providing any credible evidence, the US government is using national security as a generic pretext and its entire apparatus to arbitrarily suppress and punish Huawei; restrict the entry of its products into the US market; cutting off its access to chips and operating systems, and forcing countries around the world to ban Huawei from launching 5G. The United States also orchestrated a campaign and pressured Canada to detain Huawei CFO Ms. Meng Wanzhou for nearly three years without cause.
In violation of the principle of fair competition, market economy and international trade rules, the United States of America is trying to hinder the competitiveness of Chinese high-tech enterprises by imagining all kinds of accusations. To date, the United States of America has placed over a thousand Chinese companies on various sanctions lists; subjected biotechnology and artificial intelligence technologies to tougher export controls and strict investment reviews, and attempted to ban Chinese social media platforms including TikTok and WeChat.
In the name of protecting human rights, the United States fabricated false information about Xinjiang, such as the existence of “forced labor” and, based on such unfounded stories, passed the law. on the prevention of Uyghur forced labor, which, in bad faith, targets competition from Xinjiang in cotton, tomatoes and solar photovoltaic systems to affect certain Chinese growth poles. This disrupted the international trade order and destabilized global industrial and supply chains.
In clear violation of World Trade Organization rules, the previous US administration waged a massive trade war against China. Based on its own Section 301 investigation, it imposed three rounds of high tariffs on some $360 billion in Chinese imports. In September 2021, the current U.S. administration initiated a Section 232 investigation to determine the effects on U.S. national security of imports of neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets at a time when prices commodity markets were oscillating at high levels.
The United States of America has a record of seriously interfering in China’s internal affairs on matters concerning the core interests of the People’s Republic of China, including Taiwan, Xinjiang Weiwu’er, Xizang (Tibet), and Xianggang ( Hong Kong). The United States seeks to undermine the security and stability of this country, both overtly and covertly, by promoting and supporting violent separatist activities.
Bipartisan innovation bills being debated in the US Congress, while claiming to improve competitiveness, see China as a clearly perceived rival. The word “China” appears more than 800 times in these texts, which are full of provisions harmful to Chinese interests.
In an attempt to maintain its power and its hegemony within international institutions, the United States of America has attempted in multilateral forums to defame the project of building a community with a shared future for humanity and to block cooperation “the Belt and Road” (silk road) initiative to advance, as well as to remove references to it at the United Nations and other international forums.
Clinging to the mentality of the Cold War and the logic of hegemony, the United States of America pursues the policy of blockade; designs the narrative of “democracy versus authoritarianism”; persuades the other countries dragging him along (the UK and the foolish EU) to form cross-sectional opinion groups; strengthen the Five Eyes (the surveillance and intelligence alliance of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States of America); spread the mechanism known as the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD), an informal strategic alliance between Australia, Japan, India and the United States of America with the aim of containing China in the Indo- peaceful. In addition to having created AUKUS, a trilateral security pact between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States of America, announced on September 15, 2021, in a clear attempt to counter China.
At the same time, the United States is pushing NATO to interfere in Asia-Pacific affairs, confirming the old anti-Communist narrative of the “China threat” in the new strategic concept of the blockade, and including US allies in Asia-Pacific. Pacific region like Japan, the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and Australia at its Madrid summit, with the aim of building an Asia-Pacific version of NATO itself, which would disrupt security and stability in the Asia-Pacific region.
The development of State-to-State relations must be based on equality, mutual respect and win-win results. China-US relations have reached an important crossroads. The United States of America should stop viewing this relationship through the prism of the Cold War and zero-sum mentality. Rather, it should follow the three principles of mutual respect, peaceful coexistence and win-win cooperation, as well as reflect – in its own activities – on the five assurances made to China: 1. not to seek a new cold war; 2. do not seek to change the Chinese form of government; 3. American alliances are not against the People’s Republic of China; 4. the United States of America does not support Taiwan independence; 5. The United States of America does not seek conflict with the People’s Republic of China.
Only then can we begin to talk about peace.